Helping a Loved One Manage Chronic Conditions

Six in ten adults live with at least one chronic disease, such as cancer, heart disease, asthma, stroke and diabetes, while four in ten have multiple chronic conditions, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

While many adults are able to manage their own chronic medical conditions, as they age this can become a challenging juggling act, especially when there are multiple medical conditions being treated.

Knowing When to Help

Some people with chronic medical conditions develop tricks and habits to help them cope. These techniques may make it appear that they are managing fine, when in reality they are just barely getting by. A seemingly inconsequential issue – a minor cold, a missed trip to the pharmacy, or a skipped meal – may be all that it takes for disaster to strike. The trick for loved ones is to know when to step in with assistance.

older man looking into camera

Get Involved Early

Don’t be afraid to ask questions. Offer to accompany your loved one to doctor’s appointments if your schedule permits. This will enable you to assess whether your loved one appears to understand the doctor’s instructions and is following his or her medication regimen and dietary recommendations.

Try to encourage frank discussions about your loved one’s condition. Encourage them to be honest about their symptoms, pain, and ability to function. Listen without judgment.

When More Help is Needed

If you feel that your loved one may need more help as their disease progresses, explore all of your options. The areas in which assistance may be needed include:

  • Personal care – bathing, dressing, washing hair. A family member may be able to assist with this, or a personal care aide can be brought in to help with these types of tasks.
  • Household chores – cooking, cleaning, laundry, minor household repairs. Again, a friend or family member may be able to visit the home to help with cooking and housework. Another option is for someone to deliver pre-cooked meals or for your loved one to travel to a senior center or local club for a hot meal. Often minor repairs can be outsourced to a local handyman; ask neighbors and friends for a trustworthy referral. If more help is needed, a personal care aide may be able to pitch in.
  • Medication compliance – pill boxes, alarms, phone calls and other technological devices can help remind your loved one about which medication to take and when to take it.

An Advocate can Help

When the juggling act of trying to coordinate the multiple aspects of a loved one’s care becomes overwhelming, it might be time to consider hiring an advocate. A healthcare advocate can help you determine what care options are available and put those services into place, accompany your loved one to doctor’s appointments, make sense of complex medical information and untangle medical bills and insurance documents, arrange for in-home care or nursing home placement as needed. To learn more about what an advocate can do, call us at 516-584-2007.

Heart Month Myths and Facts that Could Save Your Life

You can be in love with your sweetheart, suffer heartbreak, wear your heart on your sleeve, or hear a heartwarming story. Yet for all the references to the heart in language, poetry, music and popular culture, there is a great deal of misunderstanding about how the heart actually functions and nature of heart disease.

Sitting just off-center in your chest cavity, your heart is a fist-sized organ that beats roughly 70 times a minute, pumping oxygen-rich blood to vital organs throughout your body. If you think of the body as a building, your heart contains elements of both the plumbing and electrical systems. An electrical impulse stimulates the heart to beat in a normal, steady rhythm. Any disruption to that electrical system will result in an arrhythmia, which can range from a harmless mis-fire to a life-threatening inability to effectively pump.

With arteries carrying oxygen-rich blood from the heart to the rest of the body, and veins transporting oxygen-depleted blood back to the heart, any interference with those vessels can result in serious problems. Just like a clogged pipe can spell disaster in your home, coronary artery blockages can lead to a heart attack because they prevent oxygenated blood from nourishing the heart itself, resulting in damage to the heart muscle.

With those basics out of the way, let’s see if you can separate fact from fiction when it comes to heart disease.

True or False? Men are more likely to have a heart attack than women.

It is true that men are more likely to have a heart attack than women. But there are variables. When the statistics are broken down by age and ethnicity as well as gender, it turns out that at every age, the rate of heart attacks in black women meets or exceeds that in white men. The Centers for Disease Control (CDC) says that the rate of heart attacks in all women increases dramatically, nearly doubling after the age of 65.

True or False? Breast cancer is the #1 killer of woman in America.

This is false. More women die of cardiovascular disease than breast cancer in America. More than a third of deaths of American women over the age of 20 are due to cardiovascular disease, and heart attacks kill 200,000 American women each year. This is five times as many as are killed by breast cancer, according to the American College of Cardiology.

True or False? Heart disease is genetic. There’s nothing you can do to prevent it.

The good news is that heart disease is considered preventable. In fact, there has been a 60% decline in heart disease from the 1950s to the beginning of the 21st century, according to the CDC. This is mostly due to changes in lifestyle that reduced risk factors, including a decline in cigarette smoking, greater control over high blood pressure, dietary changes emphasizing low fat foods, and improved diagnosis and treatment options.

What Does this Mean for You?

Despite the advances, heart disease remains a serious health threat for both men and women. It is important to have regular physical exams and to have your blood pressure and cholesterol levels checked. Be sure that you manage chronic conditions like diabetes that could contribute to heart disease. And adjust your lifestyle to make healthier choices: don’t smoke, avoid excessive alcohol, get some exercise every day, and stay away from fatty, fried foods. Adjusting your lifestyle is often easier said than done but YOU are worth it.

For additional tips, visit the CDC at https://www.cdc.gov/heartdisease/about.htm.

What Medical Tests Do I Need?

Your doctor may have suggested you take a medical test, while your friend suggested you take another test that helped save her life, and your brother stated that you shouldn’t take any medical tests because they’re all a scam to get your money. Who is right?

I don’t have the answer to that question. But you do!

Here are some questions to ask your clinician so you can make an informed decision:

-What will the results of the test you are suggesting tell us?

-Are you suggesting these tests based on my family history, symptoms I’m showing, or for another reason?

-I have a friend who had very similar symptoms as I have. Could “x” test be appropriate for me to rule out “y” condition?

-Would you please list for me the pros and cons of having this test (i.e. does it generally have a number of false positives. If so, can it lead to unnecessary procedures that can cause more harm than good?)

-When can I call back for those test results?

Remember no news is not good news. If you decide to have a screening or test done, ask when the results should be expected and who will provide you with the results. If you don’t hear from them, it could mean that they forgot or your file got lost. This lack of knowledge is putting your health in jeopardy. Make sure you contact them and get the results.

Information is power so I want to share with you some information from leading healthcare professionals. Consumer Reports published an article assessing the benefits and risks of medical screenings. They did all the work combing through research, speaking with healthcare experts and coming up with the findings. Below are a few of the key take-aways from their report.*

Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm (AAA) Screening AAAs can cause life-threatening bleeding. This screening is an ultrasound recommended for men 65-75 who were or are current smokers, as well as men and women in that same age group who have a family history of AAA. If an AAA is found the doctor may suggest monitoring or surgical repair.

Bone Density Screening This is a screening test to detect low bone density (osteopenia) and weak, brittle bones (osteoporosis). Generally recommended for women aged 65 but also for women around the age of menopause if they are at risk (i.e. history of smoking or family history of osteoporosis). Men can consider screening at around age 80. If osteopenia is detected, a diet rich in vitamin D, exercise and calcium are often advised. If osteoporosis is detected the clinician may suggest medication to prevent fractures.

Electrocardiogram (EKG) and exercise stress tests These are done to check for signs of heart disease or arrhythmias. They are recommended for those at high risk for heart disease or those with suspected heart disease or symptoms (i.e. shortness of breath or chest pain) as a diagnostic tool. But for other low-risk people with no symptoms, these tests may lead to inaccurate results and unnecessary procedures.

Lung Cancer Scan This low-dose CT scan images the lungs. It is recommended for adults 55-80 with a “30 pack-year history” (smoking a pack a day for 30 years or two packs a day for 15 years) who currently smoke or quit within the last 15 years. It has been found to detect lung cancer early and prevent death for those at highest risk.

Remember, it is always advised that you speak with your doctor for specific recommendations on the screenings and medical tests that are indicated for your unique situation. If you need help selecting a healthcare provider or need an advocate to ask these questions and coordinate care, we can assist you. Give us a call at (516) 584-2007.

*For information and more in-depth information on these screening see Consumer Reports’ January 2019 article “Too Many Tests?”

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Your Health is Worth a Shot

Think vaccines are only for kids? Think again. The development of vaccines revolutionized preventive medical care and virtually eradicated disease like smallpox and polio. And they remain an important part of the preventive health regimen for adults as well as children.

Which vaccines do you need as an adult? The answer will be influenced by your age, underlying medical conditions, risk factors, travel plans and the environment in which you live and work. Here is a rundown of some of the vaccines that are commonly recommended for adults:

Influenza (Flu Shot)

Generally, everyone over the age of 6 months should receive a flu vaccine annually. The best time to receive your flu shot is before flu becomes prevalent in your area, usually in the early fall. However, it is not too late to get a flu shot for this year. And it is important to do so; last year, the flu was responsible for 80,000 deaths in America, and it has already killed 13 children in the US this year. A flu shot will help protect you and those you love.

vaccination needle next to an adult's arm

Pneumococcal vaccine

The pneumococcal vaccine can help prevent serious infections in the lungs, blood or brain. The vaccine is recommended for those over 65, as well as individuals with chronic health conditions such as heart disease, cancer, lung disease, kidney disease, liver disease, diabetes or sickle cell anemia.

Tetanus or Tdap

A tetanus booster is required every 10 years. Tetanus is a serious illness that leads to severe muscle contractions. It is also known as lockjaw. It is preventable in individuals who are up-to-date on their vaccines but can occur in unvaccinated people. The bacteria typically enter the body through a wound.

Those who have not received the Tdap vaccine as children should consider getting the Tdap booster, which protects against tetanus, diphtheria and pertussis, also known as whooping cough, which is making a resurgence in children and adults.

Shingles

If you have ever had shingles, or know someone who has, you know how agonizing the condition can be. Caused by the same virus that causes chicken pox, shingles results in a painful blistering rash that often wraps around the torso. The shingles vaccine is recommended for adults 50 and over, including those who have already had shingles.

If you plan to travel internationally

If foreign travel is in your future, you should speak to your doctor about which vaccines are recommended for the areas you plan to visit. Hepatitis A, Hepatitis B, and the meningococcal vaccine may be among those recommended for you.

Live in a Nursing Home?

If you live or work in a nursing home, or work with patients in a doctor’s office or hospital, you may need to receive the measles-mumps-rubella vaccine, especially if you were born after 1957 and do not show signs of immunity in a blood test.

Some exceptions

For every rule, there is an exception. Your general health, lifestyle and the presence of any underlying medical conditions might preclude you from receiving certain vaccines or require you to receive others. It is important to have an open conversation with your doctor or healthcare provider about which vaccines are appropriate for your specific situation.

Learn more

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) offers an interactive quiz to determine which vaccines you may need. https://www2.cdc.gov/nip/adultimmsched/

The National Foundation for Infectious Diseases offers an infographic explaining common adult vaccines. http://www.adultvaccination.org/what-vaccines

Worth a shot

Nobody likes getting shots; it brings back childhood anxieties and phobias for many. But when you consider the benefit of avoiding painful, debilitating illness, getting your recommended vaccines is worth a shot.

A Guide Through the Long-Term Care Insurance Maze

Last summer, Sandy’s mother was placed in an assisted living facility’s Memory Care Unit. After years of paying for a long-term care insurance policy, the time had come for her to begin collecting benefits.

Yet Sandy found that the process of accessing the long-term care benefits that had been paid for was extremely complex. And while she had been handling details of her mother’s care for some time, she knew she would need outside help dealing with the assisted living facility and the insurance company.

“I needed someone who had the expertise to be able to present herself on behalf of the family and to be on equal ground, to be able to use the same language as the doctor, the assisted living facility and the insurance company,” Sandy said. Fortunately, she found Nicole Christensen of Care Answered to help navigate the maze of paperwork.

“The LTC insurance company that my mom had spent so much money on for the past few years was giving us push back regarding the terms of coverage,” Sandy explained. “Nicole spent countless hours on the phone with me as well as with the assisted living facility and the insurance company making sure all the paperwork was correct.”

But Nicole’s help didn’t end there. “Nicole has also been the liaison with my mother’s doctors’ offices, who also have to file certain paperwork within certain time limits as per insurance company,” Sandy said. “Nicole has been on top of this process from day one. She continues to monitor all paperwork with all parties in this process.”

The impact on Sandy’s life has been immeasurable.

“Having had Nicole as our liaison now for more than a year has enabled me to be able to actually be a little calmer in regard to sharing the responsibility for paperwork and payments” Sandy said. “Nobody can fully appreciate the service that she provides until they have the need for her help, but nobody should ever even consider navigating through the system without someone like her.”

Today, Sandy wholeheartedly recommends Nicole and Care Answered to anyone dealing with a similar situation.

“I would encourage any family in any long-term care or life-changing situation to immediately contact Nicole to have her mediate for your loved one and be the advocate that you will need,” Sandy stated. “She is a wonderful listener and can put a plan into action to achieve the outcome that the family needs. Nicole is an invaluable asset every family should avail themselves of.

To learn more, give Care Answered a call at 516-584-2007.

Don’t let a chronic illness prevent you from enjoying the holidays

beansLiving with a chronic illness or as a caregiver to a loved one with a serious health issue can be stressful on a day-to-day basis. When additional activities associated with the holidays – shopping, cooking, entertaining, visiting and more – are added, it is easy to feel overwhelmed. However, careful planning and simple strategies can help you avoid exhaustion, flare-ups and stress. Here are a few tips:

  1. Plan ahead. Try to avoid last-minute parties, visits and obligations. Having a clear idea of holiday events well ahead of time can help you plan in advance. Schedule preparation time as well as rest time in order to conserve your energy so that you can be fully present.
  2. Don’t be afraid to say no. Self-awareness and self-care are essential during the busy holiday season. You know what you will be able to accomplish and how much you can handle. Give yourself permission to turn down invitations and avoid situations that will drain your energy.
  3. Remember to prioritize your health. Important routines – medication, therapy, diet, and doctors’ appointments – must be maintained, regardless of your holiday plans. Try as much as possible to maintain those schedules. In addition, be sure that caregivers are taking care of their own health. Only by remaining well can a caregiver continue to be there for their loved ones.
  4. Scale back your expectations. It’s OK to host a smaller holiday gathering, to contribute a store-bought dessert rather than a home-baked treat, or to give gift cards instead of personal gifts this holiday season. Remember that the true meaning of the holidays lies in being with friends and loved ones. Trying to live up to holidays past or your own image of the perfect celebration may not be realistic or even necessary.
  5. Do a little at a time. Whether you are addressing cards, wrapping gifts, or cooking a meal, break the task down into smaller chunks. Start early, and schedule time to rest and unwind between chores.
  6. Ask for help. How often have you heard the words, “Is there anything I can do to help?” People truly do want to lend a hand, but often they don’t know exactly what you need. Don’t hesitate to ask those around you to pitch in. If you are financially able, hire someone to help with chores such as shopping, cooking and cleaning.
  7. Take time for you. Schedule time to do things that provide you with a sense of peace and pleasure. Read a book, watch your favorite TV show, talk to a friend, meditate or just breathe. These mini-breaks will help you to recharge your batteries so that you can keep going!

Forget Politics…Talk About Healthcare Decisions this Holiday Season

Thanksgiving is right around the corner. As you get ready to roast the turkey, bake the pies and gather with loved ones, think about adding one new tradition to your family gatherings. Take politics off the table and instead use the time together to talk about healthcare. Share any important family medical history and discuss the decisions you would like made on your behalf should you become unable to make care decisions for yourself.

A good place to start is to give your loved ones peace of mind by selecting your health care proxy.

What is a Healthcare Proxy?

The New York Health Care Proxy Law allows you to appoint someone you trust — for example, a family member or close friend – to make health care decisions for you if you lose the ability to make decisions yourself. By appointing a health care agent, you can make sure that health care providers follow your wishes. Learn more here.

How do you talk about healthcare decisions?

Once you have selected your proxy, be sure to inform that person about his or her role and let him or her know about your wishes should an illness or injury leave you unable to make your own healthcare decisions.

Sometimes these topics make people uncomfortable. Try to ease the discomfort with these suggested opening lines:

“My faith is important to me and I don’t want to have….”

“I’m allergic to …. Please make sure that I don’t receive that medicine”

Talk about what you value as specifically as you can. You might say:

“I don’t want to ever be sustained by machines,” or “I have to be able to live independently,” or “There are new health findings every day. I would like to be kept alive until they find a cure.”

Points to remember about healthcare decisions

The discussion with your healthcare proxy can and should be ongoing. You cannot imagine every possible scenario but if the person you select as your healthcare proxy understands your values and knows the types of life-sustaining treatments that you would want, as well as those interventions that you would not want, your proxy will feel confident that they are following your wishes rather than having to decide your fate on their own.

This is not a contest of who loves you the most; rather, it’s about who will be able to carry out your wishes.

It is a tremendous burden to expect your loved ones to make these decisions for you if you have not expressly told them your wishes. Help them be your proxy by freely sharing your feelings.

Take time this holiday season to begin your discussion. And fill out your healthcare proxy form. Think of it as a compassionate gift to your loved ones should they ever have to make an important healthcare decision for you.

 

Telemedicine Lets You and Your Doctor Connect Without the Commute

If you’re in need of medical care, just getting out of the house can be a struggle some days. But just as technology is allowing us to connect with friends across the world in new and exciting ways every day, it’s also allowing us to connect with our care providers as well. Telehealth is the use of telecommunication technology to enhance health care in general, and telemedicine is the application of the technologies to improve the quality of health care given. Both are similar in scope, but telehealth is the overall subject name.

Telemedicine covers a wide variety of applications, so it can be used in many different situations. An example of telemedicine would be using video communications such as Skype to meet with your doctor instead of going to his or her office. Another would be if a patient uses a mobile device to take a picture of an injury and sends that to their doctor. Additionally, if two doctors use an application to send patient records between them that would also be considered telemedicine. Telemedicine has a number of different applications to help facilitate the best care possible.

Telemedicine when used properly allows practitioners and patients to connect without the commute. A patient can simply use their mobile device or personal computer to get in touch with their clinician if they have any questions, need reminders, or have a condition that they wish to have checked out but isn’t worth a trip to the office. This is especially helpful for seniors who may struggle to maintain their independence and ability to transport themselves to their care providers on their terms as they get older.

Many commercial insurance providers offer telemedicine as a covered benefit, and more and more doctors are offering some type of telemedicine services to their patients. If you would like to know more about the different ways that telemedicine can make your life easier and your healthcare more personalized, need help finding a doctor, or want to learn more about ensuring that your care is the best it can be for you, contact us at CareAnswered. We’re here to help.

Call a Friend Today – Science Says Social Connections are Good for Your Health

“When ‘I’ is replaced with ‘we,’ even illness becomes wellness[1].”

Human beings have always recognized themselves as social creatures. From an evolutionary standpoint, survival depended on social structure and being part of a group.

But in recent decades, evidence regarding the link between social connections and physical health has been mounting. A 2015 meta-study linked loneliness with a 45% increased risk of dying. By contrast, obesity only accounts for a 20% increase[2]. Unfortunately, society has evolved in such a way that increasing numbers of people describe themselves as socially isolated. As we sacrifice our connections with friends and family, loneliness could become a major public health threat.

Research around this topic goes back decades. Among some of the most intriguing studies are those that have shown that social rejection triggers the same parts of the brain as physical pain[3]. A 1988 study reported that lack of social connections could have more of a negative impact on health than obesity, smoking and high blood pressure[4]. Another study, completed at UCLA in 2010, linked stress brought on by social rejection with increased inflammation in the body[5].

The problem of social isolation appears to be more significant among the elderly who are no longer in the workplace and may not live near family members. Those with dementia report even higher levels of loneliness than their peers[6].

How can you avoid or reverse social isolation and loneliness? By all indications, it is the quality rather than quantity of social connections that matters, so having just one or two friends or family members with whom you socialize can yield positive results. Face-to-face contact is preferable, but if you live apart from friends and family, try at the very least to maintain regular telephone contact.

If you are physically able to get around, consider joining a club or a gym, attend religious services, participate in your favorite hobby to meet like-minded people, volunteer, or join a support group. If you are unable to travel on your own, look for community-based and faith organizations, many of which offer resources such as friendly visitors who check up on the homebound.

The effort to remain connected to others can be challenging. But in the long run, these connections will improve your quality of life and may even help you live longer.

Here are some resources to help you get and stay involved:

www.destinationaccessible.com offers detailed accessibility descriptions of leisure locations.

https://parks.ny.gov/admission/empire-passport/ offers discounted rates to New York state parks.  Also take note that those 62+ can access at NYS parks for free and reduced rates just with their NYS ID.

 

[1] Quote attributed to Malcolm X.
[2] Brene Brown: America’s Crisis of Disconnection Runs Deeper than Politics; Fast Company, September 12, 2017. https://www.fastcompany.com/40465644/brene-brown-americas-crisis-of-disconnection-runs-deeper-than-politics
[3] Social rejection shares somatosensory representations with physical pain; Proceedings of the National Academies of Sciences, March 28, 2011. http://www.pnas.org/content/early/2011/03/22/1102693108
[4] Social relationships and health; Science Magazine, July 29, 1988. http://science.sciencemag.org/content/241/4865/540
[5] Neural sensitivity to social rejection is associated with inflammatory responses to social stress; Proceedings of the National Academies of Sciences, August 17, 2010. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20679216
[6] Only the Lonely: Dealing with Loneliness and Isolation in Dementia; Unforgettable, https://www.unforgettable.org/blog/only-the-lonely-dealing-with-loneliness-and-isolation-in-dementia/

You Are What You Eat

You Are What You Eat. Choose a Diet That’s Good for Your Health.

What does diet have to do with health? Quite a bit, according to the experts. Generally speaking, it is well documented that lifestyle factors including smoking, exercise and healthy eating contribute significantly to a person’s risk of developing the most serious and common health conditions, including diabetes, heart disease and cancer. Many studies have also linked diet with the delayed onset or prevention of chronic health conditions. March is Nutrition Month, and in recognition, we have summarized some of the recent research around diet and health for you.

Mediterranean Diet

The Mediterranean Diet emphasizes fish, nuts, fruit and vegetables. A 2013 study found that women who followed the Mediterranean Diet in their 50s had fewer memory problems and fewer chronic illnesses as they aged. 

The DASH Diet

DASH stands for Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension. It is an eating plan developed to lower high blood pressure and reduce levels of LDL, the so-called “bad” cholesterol. Recent research has also linked the DASH diet to reduced rates of some kinds of cancer, stroke, heart disease, heart failure, kidney stones, and diabetes. The diet is centered on eating fruits, vegetables, low fat or nonfat dairy, whole grains, lean meats, fish and poultry, nuts and beans.

Preventing Diabetes

Evidence shows that lifestyle changes focusing primarily on diet and exercise can help individuals with pre-diabetes avoid the progression to diabetes. Selecting whole grains over processed grains and lean proteins such as nuts, beans and fish over red meat and processed meats are known to help prevent diabetes. Other dietary habits that can help include avoiding refined carbohydrates – think breads, cakes, white rice, pasta and potatoes – as well as sugary drinks.

The Future: Precision Nutrition

The newest breakthroughs in nutrition research concern precision nutrition. Because individual responses to dietary changes may vary from person to person, precision nutrition is focused on creating specific dietary plans based on an individual’s physical and environmental factors such as DNA, microbiome, metabolism, health history and lifestyle. Current research is exploring the use of precision nutrition in diabetes prevention.

So What Should I Eat?

Every diet wosaladn’t work for every person. Individual food preferences, convenience, access to fresh fruits and vegetables, time to prepare healthy foods, and a multitude of other factors may affect the success of a particular diet plan. If you are looking to improve your health, lose weight or just eat better, experts tend to agree on a few basic dietary guidelines.

  • Reduce your consumption of red meat
  • Eat a wide variety of vegetables and fruit
  • Choose lean protein sources
  • Limit fats, sweets and processed carbohydrates

Generally what’s good for your heart is also good for your brain. A qualified nutritionist or your primary care physician can provide additional guidance on what will constitute a healthy diet for you.

Bon appetit!